The Quantum Photonics Group investigates the quantum interaction between light and matter in a solid-state platform.
Our quest is to develop a deterministic photon-emitter interface based using quantum emitters and photonic nanostructures for real-world quantum technology applications within quantum communication towards the Quantum Internet.
In nano-sized optical devices, light-matter interactions can be made so strong that quantum mechanical effects are decisive. The main focus of the Quantum Photonics Group is on techniques to control the quantum dynamics of quantum dots interacting with photons.
In this way we can fabricate light sources that emit single photons on demand, or entangle quantum dots and photons. Such nanophotonic devices will find applications for quantum information purposes and provide a route towards scalable quantum computing. In addition to developing and testing novel devices, we explore the fascinating fundamental physics of light and matter confined to the nano-scale.
Scalable quantum photonic devices
12 November 2018
Quantum photonics relies on the efficient and controlled generation of single photons for processing and exchanging quantum information across different nodes in a solid-state or hybrid quantum network. One of the main advantages of a solid-state platform is the possibility to integrate emitters such as semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) with nanophotonic circuits in a single chip, to build scalable quantum information processing devices. A challenging task in this direction is to scale photonic devices to perform experiments involving several quantum bits (or qubits).
Quantum information processes with coherent single-photon sources
12 November 2018
Quantum physics enables communication and computation protocols that promise superior performance and security in comparison to the widely used classical methods. This promise has led to a widespread interest and a rapid surge towards realizing quantum technologies. Among the variety of physical systems that are being explored, Quantum Photonics is a natural choice for communication due to the ease and robustness of encoding information onto photons. Working at this exciting juncture of time on state-of-art single photon sources, we are currently delving into device-independent quantum cryptography protocols for secure communication including random number generation (QRNG) and quantum key distribution (QKD).
12 November 2018
Controlling and manipulating single photons at the chip scale requires state-of-the-art nano-fabrication techniques. The Quantum Photonics group has developed over the past years advanced processing methods for building nanostructures in gallium arsenide (GaAs) with tailored optical properties. These include passive devices such as waveguides, photonic crystals, and gratings, but also active electro-optic structures.
Controlling quantum light-matter interaction in photonic nanostructures
12 November 2018
It is well known that the spontaneous emission of a quantum emitter depends not only on the intrinsic properties of the emitter, but also on the density of vacuum fluctuations surrounding the emitter.
Multiphoton entanglement using quantum dot spins
12 November 2018
The ability to send quantum information over long distances would allow a number of quantum technologies such as Quantum Key Distribution for secure commination. However, sending information encoded as photons quickly becomes insurmountable over long distances due to photon loss. A possible solution to this problem is the One Way Quantum Repeater: Rather than sending a single photon the entire distance, a so-called cluster state consisting of multiple entangle photons is sent through a chain of repeater stations. At each repeater station the quantum information is transferred onto a “fresh” cluster state, and the gradual photon loss is thus overcome
Quantum nonlinear optics
12 November 2018
Photons usually interact very weakly with each other. This makes photons very well suited as carriers of quantum information in quantum communication. However, for many advanced quantum applications two-qubit gates are required, which requires nonlinear photon-photon interaction. An efficiently coupled quantum dot (QD) to a nanophotonic cavity or waveguide can mediate such a single-photon nonlinear operation since the QD can only scatter a single photon at a time, meaning that it responds very differently to one or two photons.
Experimental research in nanophotonics and quantum optics is tremendously costly. A thorough effort requires a certain critical mass both in terms of state-of-the-art equipment and man-power.
We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the following sources:
Deterministic generation of entangled photons
Device-independent cryptography achieves unbreakable security by exploiting quantum correlations (e.g. entanglement) between the sender and the receiver. The practical implementation of such protocols requires efficient and high-fidelity entangled photon sources. Solid state emitters are the way forward for efficient quantum light generation due to the possibility to integrate them into a nanophotonic structure. Recent demonstrations of high-fidelity (> 97%) polarization entanglement using the biexciton cascade in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum dots open exciting route for deterministic entanglement generation. The project will deal with several aspects of the nanophotonic interfacing of these quantum dots including: 1) Efficient preparation of the quantum dot, 2) Extraction of entangled photon pairs and state tomography, 3) Sources of noise limiting the entanglement fidelity, 4) near-future applications of the entangled photons for cryptography. For more information, contact Dr. Ravitej Uppu (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Coherent single photons: Interfacing with memories
The distribution of quantum states across nodes in a quantum network is the key requirement for secure communication and distributed computing. A typical quantum network will involve interfacing disparate qubits (matter, photon, spin, etc.) to ensure maximum efficiency. Photons are robust carriers of information and hence are critical for interconnection. The disparity between the frequency and bandwidth across the qubits pose challenges in the interconnection. Efficiently crafting the bandwidth of the photon is the key enabler for photonic interconnects. Quantum dot single photon sources typically generate photons with GHz bandwidth. Efficient interfacing of photons with quantum memories (holding time ~ 0.1 – 1 us) requires ~10 MHz bandwidth. A promising way forward to achieve such coherent single photons is through Raman processes in a Λ system. The project will deal with coherent photon generation using one of the Λ-systems of a trion in a InAs quantum dot. Key aspects: 1) Branching ratio and limits on the bandwidth of photons, 2) Generation and characterization 3) Pulse shaping for bandwidth manipulation. For more information, contact Dr. Ravitej Uppu (email@example.com).
Nonlinear chiral quantum optics
Chiral quantum light-matter interactions are a recently discovered consequence of using nanophotonic platforms for quantum optical experiments. In chiral scenarios, the light-matter interaction is strongly directional, meaning that the interaction of photons with a quantum dot strongly depends on which way they travel, allowing for the design of novel and non-reciprocal quantum devices. Within this project, we will explore the nonlinearity of such chiral quantum interactions, using a blend of numerical modelling and optical experiments. For more information, contact Asst. Prof. Nir Rotenberg (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Giant cooperativity in planar structures
Cooperativity is a fundamental property within quantum optics that captures the strength of the coupling between light (photons) and matter (quantum emitters). Within this project, we wish to enhance this cooperativity using resonant, planar nanophotonic structures, thereby setting the stage for the creation of efficient and complex quantum architecture. For more information, contact Asst. Prof. Nir Rotenberg (email@example.com).
Multicolour quantum optics
Quantum emitters such as quantum dots are inherently nonlinear at the ultimate, low-energy limit; after all, they can only absorb a single photon at a time. This inherently large nonlinearity means that the interaction of a single emitter with a single photon can be significantly tuned by a single, control photon. Within this project, we will model this multicolour nonlinear interaction and search for signatures of our model in optical experiments. For more information, contact Asst. Prof. Nir Rotenberg (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Topological quantum photonics
Topological photonic edge states, which exist at the interface between especially engineered photonic crystals, have recently been shown to guide photons emitted by a single quantum dot. This has generated considerable excitement within the quantum photonics community as these edge modes are protected from backscattering due to defects or fabrication imperfections and, additionally, allow for directional and non-reciprocal light-matter interactions. Within this project, we will study quantum light-matter interactions with topological edge-states using numerical modelling techniques. For more information, contact Asst. Prof. Nir Rotenberg (email@example.com).
Scalable chip-to-fiber coupling
The project aims at building an off-chip fiber delay based on optical fibers. Off-chip fiber delays are key ingredients for performing advanced quantum protocols and emitter de-multiplexing. Based on our state-of-the-art chip-to-fiber couplers, we are planning to couple multiple fibers to nanophotonic waveguides using matrix arrays. The project involves building/adapting a room-temperature setup for aligning and bonding chips to matrix arrays, perform numerical simulations of the optimal power transfer to fibers, design and (optionally) fabricate the chip and measure it in the lab. For more information, contact Asst. Prof. Leonardo Midolo (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Resonance fluorescence and Purcell enhancement
The goal is to design a device that enables a scheme for resonantly driving an emitter inside a cavity. There are different strategies that involve combining a tunable cavity and a waveguide-based resonant excitation scheme. The project involves numerical simulations of the device to improve the extinction between the pump laser and the emitted photons. The device is then characterized in the lab. Optionally, the student has the possibility to get training to the cleanroom and fabricate the sample. For more information, contact Asst. Prof. Leonardo Midolo (email@example.com).
Electro-optical routing of single-photons
Design a waveguide-based electro-optic switch operating at >10 MHz for fast optical routing of photons. The router is key to implement protocols for de-multiplexing single-photons. Based on our recent results in electro-optic routing technology, we plan to build an integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer with embedded phase shifters. The project involves the design, fabrication, and characterization of the device. An interest in acquiring nanofabrication skills is preferred. For more information, contact Asst. Prof. Leonardo Midolo (firstname.lastname@example.org).
"Den interne proces var ekstrem. Vild og blodig."
"The internal process was extreme. Wild and bloody."
Profile (in Danish) of recent recognitions and scientific accomplishments by Prof. Peter Lodahl and his Quantum Photonics research group.
Danske forskere baner vejen for fremtidens computer.
Danish researchers pave the way for future computer.
Article (in Danish) on our recent effors towards implementing quantum technology.
Building the Quantum Internet.
Interesting article on how a solid-state material based quantum internet could be realized:
Chiral quantum optics, Nature (2017).
Highlighted in more than 25 news stories in scientific and general online magazine. Here are some examples:
- First Step Towards Photonic Quantum Network.
- Kvantenetværket der kender forskel på højre og venstre (further down the page).
- Research Takes a Step Towards Photonic Quantum Network.
- Development of Photonic Quantum Network
Deterministic photon-emitter coupling in chiral photonic circuits, Nature Nanotechnology (2015).
- Quantum networks: Back and forth are not equal distances, Phys.org (July 2015).
- Physicists have forced light to move in one direction inside the chip, Ria.ru (July 2015).
- Kvantemekanisk gennembrud: Dansk chip kan styre lys-partikler, DR (July 2015).
Nonuniversal intensity correlations in a two-dimensional Anderson-localizing random medium, Physical Review Letters 109, 253902 (2012).
- The paths of photons are random - but coordinated (December 2012).
- How photons mutually coordinate their paths, Novus light Technologies (January 2013).
- Photons sense each other, Photonics.com (January 2013).
- Light Labyrinth, Optics&Photonics News (March 2013).
Optical cavity cooling of mechanical modes of a semiconductor nanomembrane, Nature Physics 8, 168-172 (2012).
Strongly Modified Plasmon-Matter Interaction with Mesoscopic Quantum Emitters, Nature Physics 7, 215-218 (2011).
Quantum Interference and Entanglement Induced by Multiple Scattering of Light, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090501 (2010).
Cavity quantum electrodynamics with Anderson-localized modes, Science 327, 1352 (2010).
- Quantum Devices to Thrive on Disorder, Optics & Photonics focus, (March 2011).
- Uperfekte chips kan bane vejen for ny kvanteteknologi, Aktuel Naturvidenskab nr. 6, 2010.
- For quantum computer, add a dash of disorder, ScienceNews, (March 2010).
- Shoddy construction beats precision in quantum world, NewScientist, (March. 2010).
- Imperfect Chips Enhance Quantum Technology, photonics.com, (March 2010).
- Quantum Computing Thrives on Chaos, Wired Science, (March 2010).
- Imperfections are perfect, Alpha Galileo, (March 2010).
- DTU-forskere: Uorden er vejen til chips i kvantecomputere (in Danish), Ingeniøren, (March 2010).
Observation of Spatial Quantum Correlations Induced by Multiple Scattering of Nonclassical Light, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 193901 (2009).
- Christiansen & Andersen, Lyset
We currently have a number of vacancies in the Quantum Photonics Group (PhD, postdoc, assistant professor). Please contact Peter Lodahl: email@example.com.
We are also continuously looking for enthusiastic and talented students. If you are interested in learning more about an exciting B.Sc./M.Sc. project, please contact Peter Lodahl (firstname.lastname@example.org), or see our Master projects description page.
A number of external grant possibilities exist for joining the Quantum Photonics Group at the Niels Bohr Institute. If you are interested in applying, contact Prof. Peter Lodahl well ahead of the application deadline.
The Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions support researchers at all stages of their careers.
Postdoctoral grants for outstanding PhDs to establish independent research activities in Denmark.
5 yeasr funding within Young Investigator Programme.
5 years ERC Starting Grant for talented researchers with 2-12 years research experience after the PhD.'
Up to 4 years funding for talented researchers within 8 years research experience after the PhD.
|Carolan, Jacques Johannes||Postdoc|
|Chan, Ming Lai||PhD fellow|
|Hauff, Nils Valentin||PhD fellow|
|Hviid, Charlotte||Administrative coordinator|
|Midolo, Leonardo||Assistant professor|
|Papon, Camille||PhD fellow|
|Pedersen, Freja Thilde||PhD fellow|
|Rotenberg, Nir||Assistant professor|
|Ugurlu, Asli Dilara||PhD fellow|
|Uppu, Ravitej||Assistant professor|
|Zhou, Xiaoyan||Assistant professor|
|le Jeannic, Hanna||Postdoc|