Surface velocity of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS): assessment of interior velocities derived from satellite data by GPS

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Surface velocity of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS) : assessment of interior velocities derived from satellite data by GPS. / Hvidberg, Christine S.; Grinsted, Aslak; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Kusk, Anders; Andersen, Jonas Kvist; Neckel, Niklas; Solgaard, Anne; Karlsson, Nanna B.; Kjaer, Helle Astrid; Vallelonga, Paul.

In: Cryosphere, Vol. 14, No. 10, 22.10.2020, p. 3487-3502.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hvidberg, CS, Grinsted, A, Dahl-Jensen, D, Khan, SA, Kusk, A, Andersen, JK, Neckel, N, Solgaard, A, Karlsson, NB, Kjaer, HA & Vallelonga, P 2020, 'Surface velocity of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS): assessment of interior velocities derived from satellite data by GPS', Cryosphere, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 3487-3502. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3487-2020

APA

Hvidberg, C. S., Grinsted, A., Dahl-Jensen, D., Khan, S. A., Kusk, A., Andersen, J. K., ... Vallelonga, P. (2020). Surface velocity of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS): assessment of interior velocities derived from satellite data by GPS. Cryosphere, 14(10), 3487-3502. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3487-2020

Vancouver

Hvidberg CS, Grinsted A, Dahl-Jensen D, Khan SA, Kusk A, Andersen JK et al. Surface velocity of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS): assessment of interior velocities derived from satellite data by GPS. Cryosphere. 2020 Oct 22;14(10):3487-3502. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3487-2020

Author

Hvidberg, Christine S. ; Grinsted, Aslak ; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe ; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas ; Kusk, Anders ; Andersen, Jonas Kvist ; Neckel, Niklas ; Solgaard, Anne ; Karlsson, Nanna B. ; Kjaer, Helle Astrid ; Vallelonga, Paul. / Surface velocity of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS) : assessment of interior velocities derived from satellite data by GPS. In: Cryosphere. 2020 ; Vol. 14, No. 10. pp. 3487-3502.

Bibtex

@article{ebad1a6e1e2742efa5aa220e45b957fa,
title = "Surface velocity of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS): assessment of interior velocities derived from satellite data by GPS",
abstract = "The Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS) extends around 600 km upstream from the coast to its onset near the ice divide in interior Greenland. Several maps of surface velocity and topography of interior Greenland exist, but their accuracy is not well constrained by in situ observations. Here we present the results from a GPS mapping of surface velocity in an area located approximately 150 km from the ice divide near the East Greenland Ice-core Project (EastGRIP) deep-drilling site. A GPS strain net consisting of 63 poles was established and observed over the years 2015-2019. The strain net covers an area of 35 km by 40 km, including both shear margins. The ice flows with a uniform surface speed of approximately 55 m a(-1) within a central flow band with longitudinal and transverse strain rates on the order of 10(-4) a(-1) and increasing by an order of magnitude in the shear margins. We compare the GPS results to the Arctic Digital Elevation Model and a list of satellite-derived surface velocity products in order to evaluate these products. For each velocity product, we determine the bias in and precision of the velocity compared to the GPS observations, as well as the smoothing of the velocity products needed to obtain optimal precision. The best products have a bias and a precision of similar to 0.5 m a(-1). We combine the GPS results with satellite-derived products and show that organized patterns in flow and topography emerge in NEGIS when the surface velocity exceeds approximately 55 m a(-1) and are related to bedrock topography.",
keywords = "SHEAR MARGINS, MASS-BALANCE, SHEET, FLOW, DISCHARGE, PATTERNS",
author = "Hvidberg, {Christine S.} and Aslak Grinsted and Dorthe Dahl-Jensen and Khan, {Shfaqat Abbas} and Anders Kusk and Andersen, {Jonas Kvist} and Niklas Neckel and Anne Solgaard and Karlsson, {Nanna B.} and Kjaer, {Helle Astrid} and Paul Vallelonga",
year = "2020",
month = "10",
day = "22",
doi = "10.5194/tc-14-3487-2020",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "3487--3502",
journal = "The Cryosphere",
issn = "1994-0416",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Surface velocity of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS)

T2 - assessment of interior velocities derived from satellite data by GPS

AU - Hvidberg, Christine S.

AU - Grinsted, Aslak

AU - Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe

AU - Khan, Shfaqat Abbas

AU - Kusk, Anders

AU - Andersen, Jonas Kvist

AU - Neckel, Niklas

AU - Solgaard, Anne

AU - Karlsson, Nanna B.

AU - Kjaer, Helle Astrid

AU - Vallelonga, Paul

PY - 2020/10/22

Y1 - 2020/10/22

N2 - The Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS) extends around 600 km upstream from the coast to its onset near the ice divide in interior Greenland. Several maps of surface velocity and topography of interior Greenland exist, but their accuracy is not well constrained by in situ observations. Here we present the results from a GPS mapping of surface velocity in an area located approximately 150 km from the ice divide near the East Greenland Ice-core Project (EastGRIP) deep-drilling site. A GPS strain net consisting of 63 poles was established and observed over the years 2015-2019. The strain net covers an area of 35 km by 40 km, including both shear margins. The ice flows with a uniform surface speed of approximately 55 m a(-1) within a central flow band with longitudinal and transverse strain rates on the order of 10(-4) a(-1) and increasing by an order of magnitude in the shear margins. We compare the GPS results to the Arctic Digital Elevation Model and a list of satellite-derived surface velocity products in order to evaluate these products. For each velocity product, we determine the bias in and precision of the velocity compared to the GPS observations, as well as the smoothing of the velocity products needed to obtain optimal precision. The best products have a bias and a precision of similar to 0.5 m a(-1). We combine the GPS results with satellite-derived products and show that organized patterns in flow and topography emerge in NEGIS when the surface velocity exceeds approximately 55 m a(-1) and are related to bedrock topography.

AB - The Northeast Greenland Ice Stream (NEGIS) extends around 600 km upstream from the coast to its onset near the ice divide in interior Greenland. Several maps of surface velocity and topography of interior Greenland exist, but their accuracy is not well constrained by in situ observations. Here we present the results from a GPS mapping of surface velocity in an area located approximately 150 km from the ice divide near the East Greenland Ice-core Project (EastGRIP) deep-drilling site. A GPS strain net consisting of 63 poles was established and observed over the years 2015-2019. The strain net covers an area of 35 km by 40 km, including both shear margins. The ice flows with a uniform surface speed of approximately 55 m a(-1) within a central flow band with longitudinal and transverse strain rates on the order of 10(-4) a(-1) and increasing by an order of magnitude in the shear margins. We compare the GPS results to the Arctic Digital Elevation Model and a list of satellite-derived surface velocity products in order to evaluate these products. For each velocity product, we determine the bias in and precision of the velocity compared to the GPS observations, as well as the smoothing of the velocity products needed to obtain optimal precision. The best products have a bias and a precision of similar to 0.5 m a(-1). We combine the GPS results with satellite-derived products and show that organized patterns in flow and topography emerge in NEGIS when the surface velocity exceeds approximately 55 m a(-1) and are related to bedrock topography.

KW - SHEAR MARGINS

KW - MASS-BALANCE

KW - SHEET

KW - FLOW

KW - DISCHARGE

KW - PATTERNS

U2 - 10.5194/tc-14-3487-2020

DO - 10.5194/tc-14-3487-2020

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

SP - 3487

EP - 3502

JO - The Cryosphere

JF - The Cryosphere

SN - 1994-0416

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 251691526