SN Refsdal: Classification as a Luminous and Blue SN 1987A-like Type II Supernova

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SN Refsdal : Classification as a Luminous and Blue SN 1987A-like Type II Supernova. / Kelly, P. L.; Brammer, G.; Selsing, J.; Foley, R. J.; Hjorth, J.; Rodney, S. A.; Christensen, Lise Bech; Strolger, L. -G.; Filippenko, A. V.; Treu, T.; Steidel, C. C.; Strom, A.; Riess, A. G.; Zitrin, A.; Schmidt, K. B.; Bradac, M.; Jha, S. W.; Graham, M. L.; McCully, C.; Graur, O.; Weiner, B. J.; Silverman, J. M.

In: The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 831, 205, 10.11.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Kelly, PL, Brammer, G, Selsing, J, Foley, RJ, Hjorth, J, Rodney, SA, Christensen, LB, Strolger, L-G, Filippenko, AV, Treu, T, Steidel, CC, Strom, A, Riess, AG, Zitrin, A, Schmidt, KB, Bradac, M, Jha, SW, Graham, ML, McCully, C, Graur, O, Weiner, BJ & Silverman, JM 2016, 'SN Refsdal: Classification as a Luminous and Blue SN 1987A-like Type II Supernova', The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 831, 205. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/831/2/205

APA

Kelly, P. L., Brammer, G., Selsing, J., Foley, R. J., Hjorth, J., Rodney, S. A., ... Silverman, J. M. (2016). SN Refsdal: Classification as a Luminous and Blue SN 1987A-like Type II Supernova. The Astrophysical Journal, 831, [205]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/831/2/205

Vancouver

Kelly PL, Brammer G, Selsing J, Foley RJ, Hjorth J, Rodney SA et al. SN Refsdal: Classification as a Luminous and Blue SN 1987A-like Type II Supernova. The Astrophysical Journal. 2016 Nov 10;831. 205. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/831/2/205

Author

Kelly, P. L. ; Brammer, G. ; Selsing, J. ; Foley, R. J. ; Hjorth, J. ; Rodney, S. A. ; Christensen, Lise Bech ; Strolger, L. -G. ; Filippenko, A. V. ; Treu, T. ; Steidel, C. C. ; Strom, A. ; Riess, A. G. ; Zitrin, A. ; Schmidt, K. B. ; Bradac, M. ; Jha, S. W. ; Graham, M. L. ; McCully, C. ; Graur, O. ; Weiner, B. J. ; Silverman, J. M. / SN Refsdal : Classification as a Luminous and Blue SN 1987A-like Type II Supernova. In: The Astrophysical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 831.

Bibtex

@article{eb15367c440b414ba7cd0bdbf5534307,
title = "SN Refsdal: Classification as a Luminous and Blue SN 1987A-like Type II Supernova",
abstract = "We have acquired Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Very Large Telescope near-infrared spectra and images of supernova (SN) Refsdal after its discovery as an Einstein cross in Fall 2014. The HST light curve of SN Refsdal matches the distinctive, slowly rising light curves of SN 1987A-like supernovae (SNe), and we find strong evidence for a broad H-alpha P-Cygni profile in the HST grism spectrum at the redshift (z = 1.49) of the spiral host galaxy. SNe IIn, powered by circumstellar interaction, could provide a good match to the light curve of SN Refsdal, but the spectrum of a SN IIn would not show broad and strong H-alpha absorption. From the grism spectrum, we measure an H-alpha expansion velocity consistent with those of SN 1987A-like SNe at a similar phase. The luminosity, evolution, and Gaussian profile of the H-alpha emission of the WFC3 and X-shooter spectra, separated by ~2.5 months in the rest frame, provide additional evidence that supports the SN 1987A-like classification. In comparison with other examples of SN 1987A-like SNe, SN Refsdal has a blue B-V color and a high luminosity for the assumed range of potential magnifications. If SN Refsdal can be modeled as a scaled version of SN 1987A, we estimate it would have an ejecta mass of 20+-5 solar masses. The evolution of the light curve at late times will provide additional evidence about the potential existence of any substantial circumstellar material (CSM). Using MOSFIRE and X-shooter spectra, we estimate a subsolar host-galaxy metallicity (8.3+-0.1 dex and",
keywords = "astro-ph.GA, astro-ph.CO, astro-ph.SR",
author = "Kelly, {P. L.} and G. Brammer and J. Selsing and Foley, {R. J.} and J. Hjorth and Rodney, {S. A.} and Christensen, {Lise Bech} and Strolger, {L. -G.} and Filippenko, {A. V.} and T. Treu and Steidel, {C. C.} and A. Strom and Riess, {A. G.} and A. Zitrin and Schmidt, {K. B.} and M. Bradac and Jha, {S. W.} and Graham, {M. L.} and C. McCully and O. Graur and Weiner, {B. J.} and Silverman, {J. M.}",
note = "Submitted to ApJ; 26 pages",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "10",
doi = "10.3847/0004-637X/831/2/205",
language = "English",
volume = "831",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "Institute of Physics Publishing, Inc",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - SN Refsdal

T2 - Classification as a Luminous and Blue SN 1987A-like Type II Supernova

AU - Kelly, P. L.

AU - Brammer, G.

AU - Selsing, J.

AU - Foley, R. J.

AU - Hjorth, J.

AU - Rodney, S. A.

AU - Christensen, Lise Bech

AU - Strolger, L. -G.

AU - Filippenko, A. V.

AU - Treu, T.

AU - Steidel, C. C.

AU - Strom, A.

AU - Riess, A. G.

AU - Zitrin, A.

AU - Schmidt, K. B.

AU - Bradac, M.

AU - Jha, S. W.

AU - Graham, M. L.

AU - McCully, C.

AU - Graur, O.

AU - Weiner, B. J.

AU - Silverman, J. M.

N1 - Submitted to ApJ; 26 pages

PY - 2016/11/10

Y1 - 2016/11/10

N2 - We have acquired Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Very Large Telescope near-infrared spectra and images of supernova (SN) Refsdal after its discovery as an Einstein cross in Fall 2014. The HST light curve of SN Refsdal matches the distinctive, slowly rising light curves of SN 1987A-like supernovae (SNe), and we find strong evidence for a broad H-alpha P-Cygni profile in the HST grism spectrum at the redshift (z = 1.49) of the spiral host galaxy. SNe IIn, powered by circumstellar interaction, could provide a good match to the light curve of SN Refsdal, but the spectrum of a SN IIn would not show broad and strong H-alpha absorption. From the grism spectrum, we measure an H-alpha expansion velocity consistent with those of SN 1987A-like SNe at a similar phase. The luminosity, evolution, and Gaussian profile of the H-alpha emission of the WFC3 and X-shooter spectra, separated by ~2.5 months in the rest frame, provide additional evidence that supports the SN 1987A-like classification. In comparison with other examples of SN 1987A-like SNe, SN Refsdal has a blue B-V color and a high luminosity for the assumed range of potential magnifications. If SN Refsdal can be modeled as a scaled version of SN 1987A, we estimate it would have an ejecta mass of 20+-5 solar masses. The evolution of the light curve at late times will provide additional evidence about the potential existence of any substantial circumstellar material (CSM). Using MOSFIRE and X-shooter spectra, we estimate a subsolar host-galaxy metallicity (8.3+-0.1 dex and

AB - We have acquired Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Very Large Telescope near-infrared spectra and images of supernova (SN) Refsdal after its discovery as an Einstein cross in Fall 2014. The HST light curve of SN Refsdal matches the distinctive, slowly rising light curves of SN 1987A-like supernovae (SNe), and we find strong evidence for a broad H-alpha P-Cygni profile in the HST grism spectrum at the redshift (z = 1.49) of the spiral host galaxy. SNe IIn, powered by circumstellar interaction, could provide a good match to the light curve of SN Refsdal, but the spectrum of a SN IIn would not show broad and strong H-alpha absorption. From the grism spectrum, we measure an H-alpha expansion velocity consistent with those of SN 1987A-like SNe at a similar phase. The luminosity, evolution, and Gaussian profile of the H-alpha emission of the WFC3 and X-shooter spectra, separated by ~2.5 months in the rest frame, provide additional evidence that supports the SN 1987A-like classification. In comparison with other examples of SN 1987A-like SNe, SN Refsdal has a blue B-V color and a high luminosity for the assumed range of potential magnifications. If SN Refsdal can be modeled as a scaled version of SN 1987A, we estimate it would have an ejecta mass of 20+-5 solar masses. The evolution of the light curve at late times will provide additional evidence about the potential existence of any substantial circumstellar material (CSM). Using MOSFIRE and X-shooter spectra, we estimate a subsolar host-galaxy metallicity (8.3+-0.1 dex and

KW - astro-ph.GA

KW - astro-ph.CO

KW - astro-ph.SR

U2 - 10.3847/0004-637X/831/2/205

DO - 10.3847/0004-637X/831/2/205

M3 - Journal article

VL - 831

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

M1 - 205

ER -

ID: 166601751