Streamflow data from small basins: A challenging test to high-resolution regional climate modeling

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Streamflow data from small basins : A challenging test to high-resolution regional climate modeling. / Stahl, Kerstin; Tallaksen, Lena M.; Gudmundsson, Lukas; Christensen, Jens H.

I: Journal of Hydrometeorology, Bind 12, Nr. 5, 01.10.2011, s. 900-912.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Stahl, K, Tallaksen, LM, Gudmundsson, L & Christensen, JH 2011, 'Streamflow data from small basins: A challenging test to high-resolution regional climate modeling', Journal of Hydrometeorology, bind 12, nr. 5, s. 900-912. https://doi.org/10.1175/2011JHM1356.1

APA

Stahl, K., Tallaksen, L. M., Gudmundsson, L., & Christensen, J. H. (2011). Streamflow data from small basins: A challenging test to high-resolution regional climate modeling. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 12(5), 900-912. https://doi.org/10.1175/2011JHM1356.1

Vancouver

Stahl K, Tallaksen LM, Gudmundsson L, Christensen JH. Streamflow data from small basins: A challenging test to high-resolution regional climate modeling. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 2011 okt 1;12(5):900-912. https://doi.org/10.1175/2011JHM1356.1

Author

Stahl, Kerstin ; Tallaksen, Lena M. ; Gudmundsson, Lukas ; Christensen, Jens H. / Streamflow data from small basins : A challenging test to high-resolution regional climate modeling. I: Journal of Hydrometeorology. 2011 ; Bind 12, Nr. 5. s. 900-912.

Bibtex

@article{e4ac5caeac284a188f00872f08fd2f51,
title = "Streamflow data from small basins: A challenging test to high-resolution regional climate modeling",
abstract = "Land surface models and large-scale hydrological models provide the basis for studying impacts of climate and anthropogenic changes on continental- to regional-scale hydrology. Hence, there is a need for comparison and validation of simulated characteristics of spatial and temporal dynamics with independent observations. This study introduces a novel validation framework that relates to common hydrological design measures. The framework is tested by comparing anomalies of runoff from a high-resolution climate-model simulation for Europe with a large number of streamflow observations from small near-natural basins. The regional climate simulation was performed as a {"}poor man's reanalysis,{"} involving a dynamical downscaling of the 40-yr European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Re-Analysis (ERA-40) with the Danish {"}HIRHAM5{"} model. For 19 different anomaly levels, two indices evaluate the temporal agreement (i.e., the occurrence and frequency of dry and wet events based on daily anomalies), whereas two other indices compare the interannual variability and trends based on annual anomalies. Benchmarks on each index facilitated a comparison across indices, anomaly levels, and basins. The lowest agreement of observed and simulated anomalies was found for dry anomalies. Weak to moderately wet anomalies agreed best, but agreement dropped again for the wettest anomalies. The results could guide the decision on thresholds if this regional climate model were used for the assessment of climate change scenario impacts on flood and drought statistics. Indices vary across Europe, but a gradient with decreasing correspondence between observed and simulated runoff characteristics from west to east, from lower to higher elevations, and from fast to slowly responding basins can be distinguished. The suggested indices can easily be adapted to other study areas and model types to assist in assessing the reliability of predictions of hydrological change.",
keywords = "Climate models, Hydrologic models, Regional models, Streamflow",
author = "Kerstin Stahl and Tallaksen, {Lena M.} and Lukas Gudmundsson and Christensen, {Jens H.}",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1175/2011JHM1356.1",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "900--912",
journal = "Journal of Hydrometeorology",
issn = "1525-755X",
publisher = "American Meteorological Society",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Streamflow data from small basins

T2 - A challenging test to high-resolution regional climate modeling

AU - Stahl, Kerstin

AU - Tallaksen, Lena M.

AU - Gudmundsson, Lukas

AU - Christensen, Jens H.

PY - 2011/10/1

Y1 - 2011/10/1

N2 - Land surface models and large-scale hydrological models provide the basis for studying impacts of climate and anthropogenic changes on continental- to regional-scale hydrology. Hence, there is a need for comparison and validation of simulated characteristics of spatial and temporal dynamics with independent observations. This study introduces a novel validation framework that relates to common hydrological design measures. The framework is tested by comparing anomalies of runoff from a high-resolution climate-model simulation for Europe with a large number of streamflow observations from small near-natural basins. The regional climate simulation was performed as a "poor man's reanalysis," involving a dynamical downscaling of the 40-yr European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Re-Analysis (ERA-40) with the Danish "HIRHAM5" model. For 19 different anomaly levels, two indices evaluate the temporal agreement (i.e., the occurrence and frequency of dry and wet events based on daily anomalies), whereas two other indices compare the interannual variability and trends based on annual anomalies. Benchmarks on each index facilitated a comparison across indices, anomaly levels, and basins. The lowest agreement of observed and simulated anomalies was found for dry anomalies. Weak to moderately wet anomalies agreed best, but agreement dropped again for the wettest anomalies. The results could guide the decision on thresholds if this regional climate model were used for the assessment of climate change scenario impacts on flood and drought statistics. Indices vary across Europe, but a gradient with decreasing correspondence between observed and simulated runoff characteristics from west to east, from lower to higher elevations, and from fast to slowly responding basins can be distinguished. The suggested indices can easily be adapted to other study areas and model types to assist in assessing the reliability of predictions of hydrological change.

AB - Land surface models and large-scale hydrological models provide the basis for studying impacts of climate and anthropogenic changes on continental- to regional-scale hydrology. Hence, there is a need for comparison and validation of simulated characteristics of spatial and temporal dynamics with independent observations. This study introduces a novel validation framework that relates to common hydrological design measures. The framework is tested by comparing anomalies of runoff from a high-resolution climate-model simulation for Europe with a large number of streamflow observations from small near-natural basins. The regional climate simulation was performed as a "poor man's reanalysis," involving a dynamical downscaling of the 40-yr European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Re-Analysis (ERA-40) with the Danish "HIRHAM5" model. For 19 different anomaly levels, two indices evaluate the temporal agreement (i.e., the occurrence and frequency of dry and wet events based on daily anomalies), whereas two other indices compare the interannual variability and trends based on annual anomalies. Benchmarks on each index facilitated a comparison across indices, anomaly levels, and basins. The lowest agreement of observed and simulated anomalies was found for dry anomalies. Weak to moderately wet anomalies agreed best, but agreement dropped again for the wettest anomalies. The results could guide the decision on thresholds if this regional climate model were used for the assessment of climate change scenario impacts on flood and drought statistics. Indices vary across Europe, but a gradient with decreasing correspondence between observed and simulated runoff characteristics from west to east, from lower to higher elevations, and from fast to slowly responding basins can be distinguished. The suggested indices can easily be adapted to other study areas and model types to assist in assessing the reliability of predictions of hydrological change.

KW - Climate models

KW - Hydrologic models

KW - Regional models

KW - Streamflow

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=83455187023&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1175/2011JHM1356.1

DO - 10.1175/2011JHM1356.1

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:83455187023

VL - 12

SP - 900

EP - 912

JO - Journal of Hydrometeorology

JF - Journal of Hydrometeorology

SN - 1525-755X

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 186940633