Parity lifetime of bound states in a proximitized semiconductor nanowire

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Andrew Patrick Higginbotham, Sven Marian Albrecht, Gediminas Kirsanskas, Willy Chang, Ferdinand Kuemmeth, Peter Krogstrup, Thomas Sand Jespersen, Jesper Nygård, Karsten Flensberg, Charles M. Marcus

Quasiparticle excitations can compromise the performance of superconducting devices, causing high frequency dissipation, decoherence in Josephson qubits, and braiding errors in proposed Majorana-based topological quantum computers. Quasiparticle dynamics have been studied in detail in metallic superconductors but remain relatively unexplored in semiconductor-superconductor structures, which are now being intensely pursued in the context of topological superconductivity. To this end, we introduce a new physical system comprised of a gate-confined semiconductor nanowire with an epitaxially grown superconductor layer, yielding an isolated, proximitized nanowire segment. We identify Andreev-like bound states in the semiconductor via bias spectroscopy, determine the characteristic temperatures and magnetic fields for quasiparticle excitations, and extract a parity lifetime (poisoning time) of the bound state in the semiconductor exceeding 10 ms.
TidsskriftNature Physics
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1017-1021
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2015


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