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K. R. Laub, K. Witschas, A. Blicher, S. B. Madsen, A. Lückhoff and T. Heimburg. 2012. Comparing ion conductance recordings of synthetic lipid bilayers with cell membranes containing TRP channels. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1818: 1123-1134.     pdf abstract81

In this article we compare electrical conductance events from single channel recordings of three TRP channel proteins (TRPA1, TRPM2 and TRPM8) expressed in human embryonic kidney cells with channel events recorded on synthetic lipid membranes close to melting transitions. Ion channels from the TRP family are involved in a variety of sensory processes including thermo- and mechano-reception. Synthetic lipid membranes close to phase transitions display channel-like events that respond to stimuli related to changes in intensive thermodynamic variables such as pressure and temperature. TRP channel activity is characterized by typical patterns of current events dependent on the type of protein expressed. Synthetic lipid bilayers show a wide spectrum of electrical phenomena that are considered typical for the activity of protein ion channels. We find unitary currents, burst behavior, flickering, multistep-conductances, and spikes behavior in both preparations. Moreover, we report conductances and lifetimes for lipid channels as described for protein channels. Non-linear and asymmetric current-voltage relationships are seen in both systems. Without further knowledge of the recording conditions, no easy decision can be made whether short current traces originate from a channel protein or from a pure lipid membrane.