back to publication list

Edgar Villagran Vargas, Andrei Ludu, Reinhold Hustert, Peter Gumrich, Andrew D. Jackson, and Thomas Heimburg. 2011. Periodic solutions and refractory periods in the soliton theory for nerves and the locust femoral nerve. Biophys. Chem. 153: 159-167 abstract78

Close to melting transitions it is possible to propagate solitary electromechanical pulses which reflect many of the experimental features of the nerve pulse including mechanical dislocations and reversible heat production. Here we show that one also obtains the possibility of periodic pulse generation when the constraint for thenerve is the conservation of the overall length of the nerve. This condition generates an undershoot beneath the baseline (hyperpolarization) and a refractory period, i.e., a minimum distance between pulses. In this paper, we outline the theory for periodic solutions to the wave equation and compare these results to action potentials from the femoral nerve of the locust (Locusta migratoria). In particular, we describe the frequently occurring minimum-distance doublet pulses seen in these neurons and compare them to the periodic pulse solutions.