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Thomas Heimburg. 2010. The Physics of Nerves. Physical concepts help describing the propagation of nerve pulses. English translation of: T. Heimburg. Die Physik der Nerven. Physik Journal 2009, 8 (3): 33-39 abstract78

The accepted model for nerve pulse propagation in bi- ological membranes seems insufficient. It is restricted to dissipative electrical phenomena and considers nerve pulses exclusively as a microscopic phenomenon. A simple thermodynamic model that is based on the macroscopic properties of membranes allows explaining more features of nerve pulse propagation including the phenomenon of anesthesia that has so far remained unexplained.