Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core. / Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe; Albert, M. R.; Aldahan, A.; Azuma, N.; Balslev-Clausen, David Morten; Baumgartner, M.; Berggren, A.-M.; Bigler, M.; Binder, Thomas; Blunier, Thomas; Bourgeois, J.C.; Brook, E.J.; Buchardt, Susanne Lilja; Buizert, Christo; Capron, E.; Chappellaz, J.; Chung, J.; Clausen, Henrik Brink; Cvijanovic, Ivana; Davies, S.M.; Ditlevsen, Peter; Eicher, O.; Fischer, H.; Fisher, D. A.; Fleet, L.G.; Gfeller, G.; Gkinis, Vasileios; Gogineni, S.; Goto-Azuma, K.; Grinsted, Aslak; Gudlaugsdottir, H.; Guillevic, Myriam; Hansen, S. B.; Hansson, M.; Hirabayashi, M.; Hong, S.; Hur, S.D.; Huybrechts, P.; Hvidberg, Christine Schøtt; Iizuka, Y.; Jenk, Theo Manuel; Johnsen, Sigfus Johann; Jones, T.R.; Jouzel, J.; Karlsson, Nanna Bjørnholt; Kawamura, K.; Keegan, K.; Kettner, Ernesto; Kipfstuhl, S.; Kjær, Helle Astrid; Koutnik, M.; Kuramoto, T.; Köhler, P.; Laepple, T.; Landais, A.; Langen, Peter Lang; Larsen, Lars Berg; Leuenberger, D.; Leuenberger, M.; Leuschen, C.; Li, J.; Lipenkov, V.; Martinerie, P.; Maselli, O. J.; Masson-Delmotte, V.; McConnell, J. R.; Miller, H.; Mini, O.; Miyamoto, A.; Montagnat-Rentier, M.; Mulvaney, R.; Muscheler, R.; Orsi, A.J.; Paden, J.; Panton, Christian; Pattyn, F.; Petit, J.-R.; Pol, K.; Popp, Trevor James; Possnert, G.; Prié, F.; Prokopiou, M.; Quiquet, A.; Rasmussen, Sune Olander; Raynaud, D.; Ren, J.; Reutenauer, Corentin; Ritz, C.; Röckmann, T.; Rosen, J.L.; Rubino, Mauro; Rybak, O.; Samyn, D.; Sapart, C.J.; Schilt, A.; Schmidt, Astrid Mariah Zelma; Schwander, J.; Schüpbach, S.; Seierstad, Inger Kathrine; Severinghaus, J. P.; Sheldon, S.; Simonsen, Sebastian Bjerregaard; Sjolte, Jesper; Solgaard, Anne Munck; Sowers, T.; Sperlich, Peter; Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian; Steffen, K.; Steffensen, Jørgen Peder; Steinhage, D.; Stocker, T.F.; Stowasser, Christopher; Sturevik, A.S.; Sturges, W.T.; Sveinbjörnsdottir, A.; Svensson, Anders; Tison, J.-L.; Uetake, J.; Vallelonga, Paul Travis; Van De Wal, R.S.W.; Van Der Wel, G.; Vaughn, B.H.; Vinther, Bo Møllesøe; Waddington, E.; Wegner, A.; Weikusat, I.; White, J. W. C.; Wilhelms, F.; Winstrup, Mai; Witrant, E.; Wolff, E.W.; Xiao, C.; Zheng, Jin.

In: Nature, Vol. 493, No. 7433, 24.01.2013, p. 489-494.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Dahl-Jensen, D, Albert, MR, Aldahan, A, Azuma, N, Balslev-Clausen, DM, Baumgartner, M, Berggren, A-M, Bigler, M, Binder, T, Blunier, T, Bourgeois, JC, Brook, EJ, Buchardt, SL, Buizert, C, Capron, E, Chappellaz, J, Chung, J, Clausen, HB, Cvijanovic, I, Davies, SM, Ditlevsen, P, Eicher, O, Fischer, H, Fisher, DA, Fleet, LG, Gfeller, G, Gkinis, V, Gogineni, S, Goto-Azuma, K, Grinsted, A, Gudlaugsdottir, H, Guillevic, M, Hansen, SB, Hansson, M, Hirabayashi, M, Hong, S, Hur, SD, Huybrechts, P, Hvidberg, CS, Iizuka, Y, Jenk, TM, Johnsen, SJ, Jones, TR, Jouzel, J, Karlsson, NB, Kawamura, K, Keegan, K, Kettner, E, Kipfstuhl, S, Kjær, HA, Koutnik, M, Kuramoto, T, Köhler, P, Laepple, T, Landais, A, Langen, PL, Larsen, LB, Leuenberger, D, Leuenberger, M, Leuschen, C, Li, J, Lipenkov, V, Martinerie, P, Maselli, OJ, Masson-Delmotte, V, McConnell, JR, Miller, H, Mini, O, Miyamoto, A, Montagnat-Rentier, M, Mulvaney, R, Muscheler, R, Orsi, AJ, Paden, J, Panton, C, Pattyn, F, Petit, J-R, Pol, K, Popp, TJ, Possnert, G, Prié, F, Prokopiou, M, Quiquet, A, Rasmussen, SO, Raynaud, D, Ren, J, Reutenauer, C, Ritz, C, Röckmann, T, Rosen, JL, Rubino, M, Rybak, O, Samyn, D, Sapart, CJ, Schilt, A, Schmidt, AMZ, Schwander, J, Schüpbach, S, Seierstad, IK, Severinghaus, JP, Sheldon, S, Simonsen, SB, Sjolte, J, Solgaard, AM, Sowers, T, Sperlich, P, Steen-Larsen, HC, Steffen, K, Steffensen, JP, Steinhage, D, Stocker, TF, Stowasser, C, Sturevik, AS, Sturges, WT, Sveinbjörnsdottir, A, Svensson, A, Tison, J-L, Uetake, J, Vallelonga, PT, Van De Wal, RSW, Van Der Wel, G, Vaughn, BH, Vinther, BM, Waddington, E, Wegner, A, Weikusat, I, White, JWC, Wilhelms, F, Winstrup, M, Witrant, E, Wolff, EW, Xiao, C & Zheng, J 2013, 'Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core', Nature, vol. 493, no. 7433, pp. 489-494. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11789

APA

Dahl-Jensen, D., Albert, M. R., Aldahan, A., Azuma, N., Balslev-Clausen, D. M., Baumgartner, M., ... Zheng, J. (2013). Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core. Nature, 493(7433), 489-494. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11789

Vancouver

Dahl-Jensen D, Albert MR, Aldahan A, Azuma N, Balslev-Clausen DM, Baumgartner M et al. Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core. Nature. 2013 Jan 24;493(7433):489-494. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11789

Author

Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe ; Albert, M. R. ; Aldahan, A. ; Azuma, N. ; Balslev-Clausen, David Morten ; Baumgartner, M. ; Berggren, A.-M. ; Bigler, M. ; Binder, Thomas ; Blunier, Thomas ; Bourgeois, J.C. ; Brook, E.J. ; Buchardt, Susanne Lilja ; Buizert, Christo ; Capron, E. ; Chappellaz, J. ; Chung, J. ; Clausen, Henrik Brink ; Cvijanovic, Ivana ; Davies, S.M. ; Ditlevsen, Peter ; Eicher, O. ; Fischer, H. ; Fisher, D. A. ; Fleet, L.G. ; Gfeller, G. ; Gkinis, Vasileios ; Gogineni, S. ; Goto-Azuma, K. ; Grinsted, Aslak ; Gudlaugsdottir, H. ; Guillevic, Myriam ; Hansen, S. B. ; Hansson, M. ; Hirabayashi, M. ; Hong, S. ; Hur, S.D. ; Huybrechts, P. ; Hvidberg, Christine Schøtt ; Iizuka, Y. ; Jenk, Theo Manuel ; Johnsen, Sigfus Johann ; Jones, T.R. ; Jouzel, J. ; Karlsson, Nanna Bjørnholt ; Kawamura, K. ; Keegan, K. ; Kettner, Ernesto ; Kipfstuhl, S. ; Kjær, Helle Astrid ; Koutnik, M. ; Kuramoto, T. ; Köhler, P. ; Laepple, T. ; Landais, A. ; Langen, Peter Lang ; Larsen, Lars Berg ; Leuenberger, D. ; Leuenberger, M. ; Leuschen, C. ; Li, J. ; Lipenkov, V. ; Martinerie, P. ; Maselli, O. J. ; Masson-Delmotte, V. ; McConnell, J. R. ; Miller, H. ; Mini, O. ; Miyamoto, A. ; Montagnat-Rentier, M. ; Mulvaney, R. ; Muscheler, R. ; Orsi, A.J. ; Paden, J. ; Panton, Christian ; Pattyn, F. ; Petit, J.-R. ; Pol, K. ; Popp, Trevor James ; Possnert, G. ; Prié, F. ; Prokopiou, M. ; Quiquet, A. ; Rasmussen, Sune Olander ; Raynaud, D. ; Ren, J. ; Reutenauer, Corentin ; Ritz, C. ; Röckmann, T. ; Rosen, J.L. ; Rubino, Mauro ; Rybak, O. ; Samyn, D. ; Sapart, C.J. ; Schilt, A. ; Schmidt, Astrid Mariah Zelma ; Schwander, J. ; Schüpbach, S. ; Seierstad, Inger Kathrine ; Severinghaus, J. P. ; Sheldon, S. ; Simonsen, Sebastian Bjerregaard ; Sjolte, Jesper ; Solgaard, Anne Munck ; Sowers, T. ; Sperlich, Peter ; Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian ; Steffen, K. ; Steffensen, Jørgen Peder ; Steinhage, D. ; Stocker, T.F. ; Stowasser, Christopher ; Sturevik, A.S. ; Sturges, W.T. ; Sveinbjörnsdottir, A. ; Svensson, Anders ; Tison, J.-L. ; Uetake, J. ; Vallelonga, Paul Travis ; Van De Wal, R.S.W. ; Van Der Wel, G. ; Vaughn, B.H. ; Vinther, Bo Møllesøe ; Waddington, E. ; Wegner, A. ; Weikusat, I. ; White, J. W. C. ; Wilhelms, F. ; Winstrup, Mai ; Witrant, E. ; Wolff, E.W. ; Xiao, C. ; Zheng, Jin. / Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core. In: Nature. 2013 ; Vol. 493, No. 7433. pp. 489-494.

Bibtex

@article{1a6953a309264483b4af770d891e12c3,
title = "Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core",
abstract = "Efforts to extract a Greenland ice core with a complete record of the Eemian interglacial (130,000 to 115,000 years ago) have until now been unsuccessful. The response of the Greenland ice sheet to the warmer-than-present climate of the Eemian has thus remained unclear. Here we present the new North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling ('NEEM') ice core and show only a modest ice-sheet response to the strong warming in the early Eemian. We reconstructed the Eemian record from folded ice using globally homogeneous parameters known from dated Greenland and Antarctic ice-core records. On the basis of water stable isotopes, NEEM surface temperatures after the onset of the Eemian (126,000 years ago) peaked at 8 ± 4 degrees Celsius above the mean of the past millennium, followed by a gradual cooling that was probably driven by the decreasing summer insolation. Between 128,000 and 122,000 years ago, the thickness of the northwest Greenland ice sheet decreased by 400 ± 250 metres, reaching surface elevations 122,000 years ago of 130 ± 300 metres lower than the present. Extensive surface melt occurred at the NEEM site during the Eemian, a phenomenon witnessed when melt layers formed again at NEEM during the exceptional heat of July 2012. With additional warming, surface melt might become more common in the future.",
author = "Dorthe Dahl-Jensen and Albert, {M. R.} and A. Aldahan and N. Azuma and Balslev-Clausen, {David Morten} and M. Baumgartner and A.-M. Berggren and M. Bigler and Thomas Binder and Thomas Blunier and J.C. Bourgeois and E.J. Brook and Buchardt, {Susanne Lilja} and Christo Buizert and E. Capron and J. Chappellaz and J. Chung and Clausen, {Henrik Brink} and Ivana Cvijanovic and S.M. Davies and Peter Ditlevsen and O. Eicher and H. Fischer and Fisher, {D. A.} and L.G. Fleet and G. Gfeller and Vasileios Gkinis and S. Gogineni and K. Goto-Azuma and Aslak Grinsted and H. Gudlaugsdottir and Myriam Guillevic and Hansen, {S. B.} and M. Hansson and M. Hirabayashi and S. Hong and S.D. Hur and P. Huybrechts and Hvidberg, {Christine Sch{\o}tt} and Y. Iizuka and Jenk, {Theo Manuel} and Johnsen, {Sigfus Johann} and T.R. Jones and J. Jouzel and Karlsson, {Nanna Bj{\o}rnholt} and K. Kawamura and K. Keegan and Ernesto Kettner and S. Kipfstuhl and Kj{\ae}r, {Helle Astrid} and M. Koutnik and T. Kuramoto and P. K{\"o}hler and T. Laepple and A. Landais and Langen, {Peter Lang} and Larsen, {Lars Berg} and D. Leuenberger and M. Leuenberger and C. Leuschen and J. Li and V. Lipenkov and P. Martinerie and Maselli, {O. J.} and V. Masson-Delmotte and McConnell, {J. R.} and H. Miller and O. Mini and A. Miyamoto and M. Montagnat-Rentier and R. Mulvaney and R. Muscheler and A.J. Orsi and J. Paden and Christian Panton and F. Pattyn and J.-R. Petit and K. Pol and Popp, {Trevor James} and G. Possnert and F. Pri{\'e} and M. Prokopiou and A. Quiquet and Rasmussen, {Sune Olander} and D. Raynaud and J. Ren and Corentin Reutenauer and C. Ritz and T. R{\"o}ckmann and J.L. Rosen and Mauro Rubino and O. Rybak and D. Samyn and C.J. Sapart and A. Schilt and Schmidt, {Astrid Mariah Zelma} and J. Schwander and S. Sch{\"u}pbach and Seierstad, {Inger Kathrine} and Severinghaus, {J. P.} and S. Sheldon and Simonsen, {Sebastian Bjerregaard} and Jesper Sjolte and Solgaard, {Anne Munck} and T. Sowers and Peter Sperlich and Steen-Larsen, {Hans Christian} and K. Steffen and Steffensen, {J{\o}rgen Peder} and D. Steinhage and T.F. Stocker and Christopher Stowasser and A.S. Sturevik and W.T. Sturges and A. Sveinbj{\"o}rnsdottir and Anders Svensson and J.-L. Tison and J. Uetake and Vallelonga, {Paul Travis} and {Van De Wal}, R.S.W. and {Van Der Wel}, G. and B.H. Vaughn and Vinther, {Bo M{\o}lles{\o}e} and E. Waddington and A. Wegner and I. Weikusat and White, {J. W. C.} and F. Wilhelms and Mai Winstrup and E. Witrant and E.W. Wolff and C. Xiao and Jin Zheng",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1038/nature11789",
language = "English",
volume = "493",
pages = "489--494",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "nature publishing group",
number = "7433",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eemian interglacial reconstructed from a Greenland folded ice core

AU - Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe

AU - Albert, M. R.

AU - Aldahan, A.

AU - Azuma, N.

AU - Balslev-Clausen, David Morten

AU - Baumgartner, M.

AU - Berggren, A.-M.

AU - Bigler, M.

AU - Binder, Thomas

AU - Blunier, Thomas

AU - Bourgeois, J.C.

AU - Brook, E.J.

AU - Buchardt, Susanne Lilja

AU - Buizert, Christo

AU - Capron, E.

AU - Chappellaz, J.

AU - Chung, J.

AU - Clausen, Henrik Brink

AU - Cvijanovic, Ivana

AU - Davies, S.M.

AU - Ditlevsen, Peter

AU - Eicher, O.

AU - Fischer, H.

AU - Fisher, D. A.

AU - Fleet, L.G.

AU - Gfeller, G.

AU - Gkinis, Vasileios

AU - Gogineni, S.

AU - Goto-Azuma, K.

AU - Grinsted, Aslak

AU - Gudlaugsdottir, H.

AU - Guillevic, Myriam

AU - Hansen, S. B.

AU - Hansson, M.

AU - Hirabayashi, M.

AU - Hong, S.

AU - Hur, S.D.

AU - Huybrechts, P.

AU - Hvidberg, Christine Schøtt

AU - Iizuka, Y.

AU - Jenk, Theo Manuel

AU - Johnsen, Sigfus Johann

AU - Jones, T.R.

AU - Jouzel, J.

AU - Karlsson, Nanna Bjørnholt

AU - Kawamura, K.

AU - Keegan, K.

AU - Kettner, Ernesto

AU - Kipfstuhl, S.

AU - Kjær, Helle Astrid

AU - Koutnik, M.

AU - Kuramoto, T.

AU - Köhler, P.

AU - Laepple, T.

AU - Landais, A.

AU - Langen, Peter Lang

AU - Larsen, Lars Berg

AU - Leuenberger, D.

AU - Leuenberger, M.

AU - Leuschen, C.

AU - Li, J.

AU - Lipenkov, V.

AU - Martinerie, P.

AU - Maselli, O. J.

AU - Masson-Delmotte, V.

AU - McConnell, J. R.

AU - Miller, H.

AU - Mini, O.

AU - Miyamoto, A.

AU - Montagnat-Rentier, M.

AU - Mulvaney, R.

AU - Muscheler, R.

AU - Orsi, A.J.

AU - Paden, J.

AU - Panton, Christian

AU - Pattyn, F.

AU - Petit, J.-R.

AU - Pol, K.

AU - Popp, Trevor James

AU - Possnert, G.

AU - Prié, F.

AU - Prokopiou, M.

AU - Quiquet, A.

AU - Rasmussen, Sune Olander

AU - Raynaud, D.

AU - Ren, J.

AU - Reutenauer, Corentin

AU - Ritz, C.

AU - Röckmann, T.

AU - Rosen, J.L.

AU - Rubino, Mauro

AU - Rybak, O.

AU - Samyn, D.

AU - Sapart, C.J.

AU - Schilt, A.

AU - Schmidt, Astrid Mariah Zelma

AU - Schwander, J.

AU - Schüpbach, S.

AU - Seierstad, Inger Kathrine

AU - Severinghaus, J. P.

AU - Sheldon, S.

AU - Simonsen, Sebastian Bjerregaard

AU - Sjolte, Jesper

AU - Solgaard, Anne Munck

AU - Sowers, T.

AU - Sperlich, Peter

AU - Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian

AU - Steffen, K.

AU - Steffensen, Jørgen Peder

AU - Steinhage, D.

AU - Stocker, T.F.

AU - Stowasser, Christopher

AU - Sturevik, A.S.

AU - Sturges, W.T.

AU - Sveinbjörnsdottir, A.

AU - Svensson, Anders

AU - Tison, J.-L.

AU - Uetake, J.

AU - Vallelonga, Paul Travis

AU - Van De Wal, R.S.W.

AU - Van Der Wel, G.

AU - Vaughn, B.H.

AU - Vinther, Bo Møllesøe

AU - Waddington, E.

AU - Wegner, A.

AU - Weikusat, I.

AU - White, J. W. C.

AU - Wilhelms, F.

AU - Winstrup, Mai

AU - Witrant, E.

AU - Wolff, E.W.

AU - Xiao, C.

AU - Zheng, Jin

PY - 2013/1/24

Y1 - 2013/1/24

N2 - Efforts to extract a Greenland ice core with a complete record of the Eemian interglacial (130,000 to 115,000 years ago) have until now been unsuccessful. The response of the Greenland ice sheet to the warmer-than-present climate of the Eemian has thus remained unclear. Here we present the new North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling ('NEEM') ice core and show only a modest ice-sheet response to the strong warming in the early Eemian. We reconstructed the Eemian record from folded ice using globally homogeneous parameters known from dated Greenland and Antarctic ice-core records. On the basis of water stable isotopes, NEEM surface temperatures after the onset of the Eemian (126,000 years ago) peaked at 8 ± 4 degrees Celsius above the mean of the past millennium, followed by a gradual cooling that was probably driven by the decreasing summer insolation. Between 128,000 and 122,000 years ago, the thickness of the northwest Greenland ice sheet decreased by 400 ± 250 metres, reaching surface elevations 122,000 years ago of 130 ± 300 metres lower than the present. Extensive surface melt occurred at the NEEM site during the Eemian, a phenomenon witnessed when melt layers formed again at NEEM during the exceptional heat of July 2012. With additional warming, surface melt might become more common in the future.

AB - Efforts to extract a Greenland ice core with a complete record of the Eemian interglacial (130,000 to 115,000 years ago) have until now been unsuccessful. The response of the Greenland ice sheet to the warmer-than-present climate of the Eemian has thus remained unclear. Here we present the new North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling ('NEEM') ice core and show only a modest ice-sheet response to the strong warming in the early Eemian. We reconstructed the Eemian record from folded ice using globally homogeneous parameters known from dated Greenland and Antarctic ice-core records. On the basis of water stable isotopes, NEEM surface temperatures after the onset of the Eemian (126,000 years ago) peaked at 8 ± 4 degrees Celsius above the mean of the past millennium, followed by a gradual cooling that was probably driven by the decreasing summer insolation. Between 128,000 and 122,000 years ago, the thickness of the northwest Greenland ice sheet decreased by 400 ± 250 metres, reaching surface elevations 122,000 years ago of 130 ± 300 metres lower than the present. Extensive surface melt occurred at the NEEM site during the Eemian, a phenomenon witnessed when melt layers formed again at NEEM during the exceptional heat of July 2012. With additional warming, surface melt might become more common in the future.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872976669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nature11789

DO - 10.1038/nature11789

M3 - Journal article

VL - 493

SP - 489

EP - 494

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7433

ER -

ID: 45588906