A thesis submitted August 31, 2015 for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and defended November 25, 2015.
The PhD School of Science
Faculty of Science
Niels Bohr Institute, Center for Quantum Devices, University of Copenhagen
Aspects of Majorana Bound States in One-Dimensional Systems with and without Time-Reversal Symmetry
In this thesis we study Majorana bound states in one dimension both in the time-reversal symmetric and in the case of broken time-reversal symmetry. These bound states are interesting because they provide evidence of topological phases and may potentially be used for topological quantum computation. For the time-reversal-symmetric case we study its applicability to topological quantum computation and the effect interactions can have on the time-reversal-symmetric phase hosting Majorana bound states. For the case with broken time-reversal symmetry we study the influence of electric environments an probing them via a tunnel probe.