Meteorology, Oceanography & Solid Earth Physics
The weather in the North Atlantic is very changeable, both from day to day and from year to year. There is a close relation between the climate in Europe and the processes which occur in the North Atlantic, and it is these annual variations in the Atlantic's climatic fluctuations that have now become the focus of intense scientific research.
At the Niels Bohr Institute research is carried out on these climatic variations which occur over a timescale of many years. By comparing the oxygen isotopes in the atmosphere with the oxygen isotopes in ice cores from the Greenlandic Ice Sheet researchers can get a picture of how our current climate changes compare with climate change in the past.
While meteorologists research climate by studying the atmosphere, oceanographers research the climate by studying the sea. The ocean covers nearly ¾ of the surface of the Earth, so it is therefore a very important part of the climate scene. With the help of satellite measurements they monitor the temperature and the environment of the sea, and examine how water masses mix and how materials and heat are transported in the oceans.
Solid Earth Physics
Research in the physics of the solid Earth is based on three different disciplines: Field experiments, theory and numerical modelling. The measurements draw on data derived from registration of seismic waves, produced by explosions or remote earthquakes, and satellite measurements of the Earth´s gravity and magnetic fields. Theoretical and numerical investigation is comprised of analysis and simulations of currents in the outer core of the Earth and development of methods applied in the calculation of the structure of the Earth.